首页 >>雅思写作范文与解析|城市规划
雅思写作范文与解析|城市规划
发布来源: 舒琪学姐 发布时间:2021-02-23
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Hello大家好,我是舒琪学姐。


今天的题目,是关于城市规划




【20180505大陆】

Traffic and housing problem in major cities could be solved by moving large companies and factories and their employees to the countryside. To what extent do you agree or disagree?


这道题审题时要注意的小点比较多,大家注意这样几个关键词:traffic problem, housing problems, companies & factories & employees。如果要同意,我们可以写此举可以解决traffic problem & house problem;如果要反对,我们既可以从问题得不到解决的角度切入,也可以从对公司、工厂和员工带来种种不便的角度切入。


Some people argue that the dispersal of businesses is an effective method of easing housing shortage and traffic jams. Although I do agree that such measures will mitigate the problem to some extent, I think the compensation the companies make is too immense.


The mass exodus from city centers to suburban or rural areas will undoubtfully decrease the urban population density, which will ease the acute housing shortage and automobile congestion. When reside and work on the outskirts of a city, employees can enjoy a shorter commute, and generally do not need to enter the city centre, unless some scarce resources are needed, for example, those of medical care. The fewer companies and workers remain in the city, the more accommodation and traffic spaces are available, making the whole urban life more enjoyable.


However, when companies and factories are forced to relocate to suburban or even rural areas, they will find it inconvenient to perform their operations. Their customers may be left behind in central business districts, and the long distance between them takes a long time for a simple visit, which is vital for many deals. Moreover, commercial infrastructures, such as high-speed access to the internet, taxation, and other government services, are less developed in these areas, impeding companies’ development. To make matters worse, their remote locations, which lack attraction for talents who often prefer a colorful and comfortable urban life, make it harder to recruit employees they want.


In conclusion, though the relocation is effective in solving urban dilemmas, I do not think it is feasible since few companies and their employees are willing to make the move.  

(270 words)

【20190406大陆】

Some people think that the best way to reduce time spend traveling to work is replace parks and gardens close to the city center with apartment buildings for commuters, but others disagree. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.


这道题和前一道有相似之处,其中正面是比较好写的。反面可以考虑从两方面切入:parks and gardens同样重要;公寓楼过多会加剧交通拥堵。这篇文章里,我把两个反面观点一个放在discussion中,另一个放在opinion部分,所以一共分了三个主体段。


People hold different views about whether to build more residential buildings in the replacement of green space in order to reduce commute time. In my opinion, such measures may not yield the result we originally want.

 

Advocates argue that parks and gardens occupy too much urban land, which could be used to create more accommodation in central business districts. If commuters have a choice to live near their offices, the time they spend on travelling will be reduced to a large extent. Compared with other measures to ease automobile congestion such as widening roads or building extra ring roads, adding bus lanes, and charging road pricing, cutting the distance is the most straightforward strategy.

 

However, the opponents believe that green space is too important for city dwellers’ well-being to be compensated. For one thing, the action of photosynthesis can absorb a huge amount of carbon dioxide we emit and produce oxygen, which helps to mitigate the urban heat island effect. Moreover, such recreational spaces provide a perfect location for people in the community to socialize and their children to play. The natural landscape has become vital for people to unwind their minds, and its scarcity cannot survive a further loss.

 

As far as I am concerned, not only is green space indispensable for urban residents, building apartments will actually increase population density and thus worsen traffic jams. If traffic infrastructure cannot keep pace with the population growth, it will take a longer time for commuters to arrive at their destination. Therefore, I think we should seek other solutions rather than sacrifice parks and gardens.

(264 words)

【20190112大陆】【20190824亚太】

When new towns are planned, it is important to build more public parks or sports facilities than shopping centers for people to spend their free time. To what extent do you agree or disagree?


这道题看上去是城市规划,实际问的是public parks or sports facilities和shopping这两者之间,哪种spend free time的方式更有益、可替代性更弱。把问题进行转化之后,就好回答多了。


Some people argue that public green spaces and sports equipment are more useful than shopping malls, and therefore deserve a larger proportion of urban-space planning. I generally agree with this idea, especially given that online shopping has become ubiquitous.

 

Both public open spaces and athletic facilities such as stadiums play a vital role in promoting city dwellers’ psychological and physical well-being. Living a sedentary lifestyle trapped in skyscrapers, they find places to breathe the fresh air and stretch arms and legs extremely precious. Such places provide a relaxing atmosphere where they can walk, appreciate the natural landscape or chat with other people in the community. The easy access to sports facilities is equally important for citizens to do aerobics or work out and thus live a more active life.   

 

Meanwhile, most shopping activities have been moved online, which further cuts down the needs for physical shopping malls. Nowadays, people prefer window shopping and making their purchasing decisions on the internet, because a more detailed introduction, comments from other purchasers, as well as sellers’ credit are available, which can better assist their judgement. They can also compare products and services from several vendors more conveniently. Although the virtual setting makes it impossible to see or touch the real items, the background information can help the consumers make wiser purchases.

 

In conclusion, I agree that in the limited place, green spaces and those for exercises are more important and less replaceable than shopping facilities, and therefore more areas should be zoned for the former.   

(252 words)

学姐小贴士


大家知道雅思作文里有四项评分标准,其中最容易被大家忽视的就是Lexical resources。


词汇上拿不到高分的情况分为两种。


一类是多样性不足。导致这一种的情况主要是疏于拓展词汇,有些同学认为雅思作文的用词只需要自然、准确即可,这其实是走向了“极简主义”的极端。自然、准确固然重要,但如果不停地重复用词,尤其是不停地重复题目里的词汇,词汇的分数是肯定不会高的。


另一类是准确性不足。这类学生背了很多单词,一到考场就一股脑地堆积上去。却忽视了词汇是否适用于语境、搭配是否正确、词性是否使用恰当等具体运用上的细节。对于第二种情况,词汇得分最多6分,也不会更高了。


要想准确的运用词汇,需要去了解每个单词的拼写、词义、语域、内涵意义、语法形态和搭配,工作量其实是很大的。不仅是处在备考期的同学,包括我们整个英语教学,都一直是重语法而轻词汇,这一偏差这几年才慢慢纠正过来。


针对词汇和语法表达,学姐特意开了一套Mini课。正课部分主要讲词汇和表达;配套的视频我会尽量给大家多讲一些背景知识和例子,帮助大家理解。这样大家就不用机械地去背诵论点,在写作的时候也可以顺着我的讲解思路更好地展开。



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