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什么!这些阅读同义替换词汇你还没背?
发布来源: 北京学为贵 发布时间:2020-09-30

国庆假期来啦,贵贵给同学们总结了七天的阅读词汇干货,大家每天看一点,多多积累~


第一天

①依靠:rely on, depend on, reliance on, be based on, draw on, underlie, place great importance on, standard of…

②恰当的:suitable, appropriate, proper, if necessary, (反义)inappropriate, hard, difficult

③停止:stop, halt, pause, prevent, hinder, hamper, impede

④祖先:ancestor, early tribes, early generation, early incarnation, forebear, forefather, predecessor, the past

⑤居民:inhabitant, resident, citizen, civilian, occupant, dweller, native/local/indigenous people, community

⑥不同的:distinct, distinctive, differing, different, distinction, difference

⑦气味:smell, scent, aroma, odour(odor), olfaction

⑧导致:prompt, cause, lead to, result in, contribute to, trigger, engender, as a result

⑨由于:because of, due to, result from, thanks to, as a result of

⑩病:medical conditions, medical complaints, medical problems, illness, disease, disorder, physical discomfort, syndrome

第二天


①大:huge, large, vast, giant, gigantic, titanic, tremendous, massive, immense, enormous, significant, immeasurable, colossal, big

②成功:success, achievement, attainment, performance, accomplishment

③使用:use, exert, utilise, manipulate, take advantage of, harness, employ, exploit

④否定:little, barely, hardly, scarcely, rarely, seldom, merely = NO

⑤区分:distinguish, differ, differentiate, discriminate, recognise, realise, tell the difference between A and B, tell, divide, fork, split

⑥现实可行的:realistic, valid, viable, practical, feasible, achievable

⑦(创造)术语:coin, known as, name, call, refer to(as), describe, talk about, term

⑧表示并列:and, as well as, in addition(to), besides, other than, along with, accompanying, coupled with, apart from, not only…but also…

⑨寿命:life expectancy, longevity, life time, life span(lifespan), live long, human life

⑩限制:limited, restricted, minimal, confined, constricted, restrained

第三天


①相似的:similar, resemble, like, look like, be compared to, same in essence(注意:不能和same替换)

②损伤:impair, damage, destroy, deteriorate, weaken, worsen

③建立,开始:establish, create, introduce, launch, initiate, embark, start, begin, found

④下降:downward, not rising, fall, diminish, decline, slow, decrease, slump, crash, reduce, drop, vanish

⑤上升:upward, rise, raise, increase, soar, higher, growth, heightened

⑥改变:change, alter, shift, transform, convert, revise(revision), never be the same again, low/high, fast/slow, more/less

⑦重要的:important, key, critical, crucial, essential, necessary, paramount, momentous, indispensable, vital, principal, significant

⑧发达的:developed, advanced, improved, perfected. expanded, sophisticated, complicated, perfect

⑨表明:show, suggest, demonstrate, illustrate, indicate

⑩技巧:skill, technique, practice, ability, capacity, capability, faculty, feat

可能性:potential, chance, likelihood, possibility, odd, prospect, be liable to, could/perhaps/maybe

第四天


①模仿:emulate, mimic, imitate, reproduce, duplicate, replicate, forge, copy

②代替:replace, take over, supersede, substitute, later, instead of, take the place of, rather than, more advanced A…the earlier B/ A than B (比较关系)

③合法的:legal, lawful, justified, legitimate

④复杂的:complex, sophisticated, complicated, compound, comprehensive, puzzled, ambiguous

⑤通过:by…, by means of, by way of, via, through, as the means of, rely on, depend on, resort to; cite, quote

⑥标准:criteria, norm, rule, standard, formulate, formulation, prescribe, prescription, provision

⑦解决:deal with, cope with, solve, resolve, dispose

⑧环保:low-carbon, eco-friendly, environmental-friendly, economical


帮大家串一下题目看到污染可能原文的表述方式


Ps: 这就是我给大家说的做题该有的思路,阅读想快速提分,需要训练的就是这个东西!


污染相关的表达:pollution, environmental cost, physical conditions (C12 65)


污染的种类:


land土地污染:laid waste遍布废料(C11 20) unwanted(C7 68)


materials 原材料污染:chemicals, pesticides, fertilizers, fungicide


water 水污染:open water( water source: lake, river, sea loch)


air空气污染:greenhouse gases(carbon dioxide, methane), sulfur, nitrogen


什么导致的污染:
fossil based fuel: coal, firewood, oil, petrol


如何解决污染:
non-fossil based fuel: renewable/sustainable/clean energy



第五天


①分开:separate, divide, isolate, insulate, independent, inaccessible

②快/立即:rapid, swift, prompt, quick, sharp, sudden, immediate

③忍受:tolerate, put up with sth, accept, bear, stand, endure, withstand, weather

④破坏:damage, destroy, ravage, demolish, wreck, devastate, obliterate, flatten, ruin

⑤转折:though, although, in spite of, despite, while, even, yet, nonetheless, nevertheless, ironically, but, however

⑥骤减:slump, plummet, plunge, dive, crash, fall, drop

⑦严峻:hardship, collapse, tough, demanding, severe, serious, deteriorate, strict, burdensome, rigid, rigorous, arduous, exacting

⑧停止:curb, confine, restrict, constrict, ban, bar, prohibit, prevent, forbid, deter, proscribe, do not allow, do not permit, stop, halt

⑨消失:perish, vanish, disappear, eradicate, eliminate, turn off, die out, extinct(extinguish), exterminate, wipe off

⑩条件:if/whether, while/once/when, with/without, after, unless

第六天


①句子中出现没什么用的词:find, claim, illustrate, suggest, trace, uncover, figure out, work out, demonstrate, show, indicate, argue, conclude, belief, assert, consider, reveal, observe, convince, take into

②著名:(好)famous, well-known, outstanding, legendary, prominent, eminent, renowned, popular, prevailed(prevail, prevalence) 
(坏)notorious(notoriety), infamous

③展望:future, potential, possibility, underlying, has far to go, hope, with, will do sth

④相同:as…as, same, equal to

⑤结果:in the end, in final, finally, at last, consequence, conclusion, eventually, ultimately

⑥来源:come form, stem from, originate from, derive from, root in, begin with, at the outset

⑦古代:ancient, older, earlier, in the past, centuries ago, ancestor, antique, prior to, precedent, beforetime, fossil

⑧感知:perceive, sense, know, aware, conscious, realise, recognise

⑨猜想:presume, assume(assumption), reckon, estimate, assess, hypothesis

⑩分析(测试):analyse, examine, test, detect, experiment, research, study, survey, investigation(investigate), trial

第七天


①修改:proofread, revise, alter, amend, correct, improve, rewrite, adjust, modify, adapt

②改变:change, alter, shift, transform, convert, turn

③可能:possible, probably, predictable, expected, foreseeing, inevitable, anticipate, unavoidable, be likely to

④主要/重要/基本/首要:(不分词性)main, primary, prime, principal, dominant, dominate, predominant, predominate, core, elemental, central, key, important, magnificent, significant, considerable, crucial, vital, critical, chief, leading, basic, underlying, fundamental, give priority to, initial, original

(“副词”常见):mainly, originally, primarily, principally, initially

⑤多:various, different, versatile, many, much, diversity(diversified), massive, numerous, considerable, several, all-around, many-sided, a raft of, a variety of, a lot of, lots of, a kind of, kinds of, plenty of, a scale of, a range of, a host of, a mass of, an amount of, amounts of, a couple of, a great deal of, sorts of, a number of, a load of, loads of

⑥充足,大量,繁荣:adequate, abundant, sufficient, enough, prosper(prosperous prosperity), nourishing(nourish nourishment), flourishing(flourish), thriving(thrive), booming

⑦发展(提高):evolve, develop, upgrade, progress, advance, grow, promote, improve, boost, encourage, increase

⑧超过:exceed, transcend, over, beyond, in excess of, surpass, overtake, more than

⑨强调:furthermore, what's more, moreover

⑩因果关系:
Ⅰ. 原因和结果中至少有一边是完整句: 
   因为:because, since, thanks to, owing to, due to, as
   所以:therefore, so, as the result, hence, thus, inconsequence

Ⅱ. 原因结果是一句话:原因是主语;结果是宾语: 
cause, affect, trigger, help, encourage, stimulate, result, determine, lead to, pose to, have impact on, have effect on, have responsibility of, be responsible for, be/become the forcing house of, play a role in



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